Dr. James Morgan has more than 24 year experience in automotive product development and operations management including almost 20 years at TDM, a tier one automotive supplier of engineering services, tools and vehicle subsystems where he was Vice President. He holds MS and Ph.D. degrees in Engineering from the University of Michigan where he completed a three year, Shingo Award winning comparative study of Toyota and a North American competitor's product development systems.
Dr. Morgan's research has lead to a coherent systems model of lean product development which he has utilized in analyzing and improving the development systems of several Fortune Fifty companies in both the U.S. and Europe. Dr. Morgan has published a number of articles and developed and taught classes and seminars at The University of Michigan, the Lean Enterprise Institute, the Lean Enterprise Academy, and the Society of Automotive Engineers.
Dr. Morgan is currently an Engineering Director at Ford Motor Company.
Dr. Jeffrey K. Liker is Professor of Industrial and Operations Engineering at the University of Michigan. Dr. Liker has authored or co-authored over 70 articles and book chapters and seven books. He is author of the international best-seller, The Toyota Way: 14 Management Principles from the WorldÂs Greatest Manufacturer, McGraw Hill, 2004. The companion practical implementation guide,(with David Meier) The Toyota Way Fieldbook, Mcgraw Hill, 2005 (2005 Shingo Prize winner), details how companies can learn from the Toyota Way principles. He is also the Editor of Becoming Lean: Experiences of U.S. Manufacturers (Productivity Press, 1997), winner of the 1998 Shingo prize. Other books by Dr. Liker include Engineered in Japan, (Oxford University Press, 1995); Concurrent Engineering Effectiveness: Integrating product development across organizations (Hanser-Gardner, 1997), and Remade in America: Transplanting and Transforming Japanese Manufacturing Methods (Oxford University Press, 1999).
Ask the MLAin-text citationsworks-cited list
I am citing two editions of the same novel. How do I order the entries in the list of works cited, and how do I distinguish the editions in the in-text citation?
Order the entries by the most important unique piece of identifying information. This is usually the date. You can list entries either in chronological order or the reverse as long as you are consistent in a given work:
London, Jack. Martin Eden. Macmillan, 1915.
———. Martin Eden. Penguin, 1984.
———. Martin Eden. Modern Library, 2002.
If two editions are published in the same year, order the entries alphabetically by the next most important piece of unique identifying information—for example, the last name of a contributor (such as an editor or a translator) or the publisher.
In the in-text citation, include the year of publication (or alternative identifying information). Use brackets to separate this information from a page number:
Martin observes that his doting readership is “a wolf-rabble” and chalks his success up to “chance” and readers’ “brute non-understanding” (374 ).
See page 57 of the MLA Handbook for more information about citing literary works available in multiple editions.