Do You Need an ASA Format Citation Generator? We Have One for You!
Welcome to Cite4Me.org, a website every student will find incredibly helpful. Correct referencing is not just your professor’s whimsy. It’s a kind of common decencies for academic writing. When you use ideas of other authors for your own paper, you should give credit to them. Otherwise, you can be blamed in plagiarism. You should be attentive when quoting sources in your work. Some teachers request a certain referencing style when assigning a paper to you, the others – don’t. So you should know which format to us. For instance, ASA (American Sociological Association) is a referencing style used for research papers, article reviews, and other works in Sociology and other related sciences.
So why should you use our ASA format citation generator?
- Quotations from reliable sources make your own thoughts sound persuasive;
- Your paper will be more scholarly when you format your quotes in a correct way;
- Your audience will have an idea about the sources you have used and may find them and review if they are interested in a topic;
- Your teacher will see how deeply you understand the topic by referencing and explaining the ideas of other authors.
In a word, some papers, especially in Sociology, cannot avoid quoting other sources. If you don’t have time and interest to study millions of guidelines – use our free ASA citation generator and manage your quotations fast and easily!
Every particular type of academic sources, be it a book, newspaper, ebook, scientific journal, or website, has its own referencing specifications. And it may become a big deal of work. As you know, some professors are really picky when it comes to formatting and referencing… But you don’t really want some small comma or dash to spoil your mark, do you? If so, then benefit from our citation builder and you won’t have to worry about correct referencing anymore.
What is ASA referencing style?
As we have already mentioned, ASA referencing style is used widely by publishers, researchers, and students who write papers and articles in Sociology. This is a parenthetical citation style that uses the “author-date” system of referencing. Sociologists find this format convenient and attractive, since it doesn’t require any annoying footnotes, which makes ASA an efficient and pretty simple format. It consists of the following elements:
- In-text citations
They are located near the source and present author’s name and year of publication;
This is a section located at the end of your work. This page lists the sources you have used for a paper and provides extended publication information;
Here you can create ASA citation online, whether you need an in-text one or a reference page. In-text citations are used to show where exactly you have used the words of some other author. They are inserted in the text right after the direct quotation or a paraphrased one. Usually, these citations are put in brackets and include the author’s surname, year of publication, and sometimes pages, for instance: (Luckmann, 1966). When you have a book written by multiple authors, you should include their surnames in the brackets.
These citations should be linked to your reference list and direct your audience there. With the help of our ASA citation maker, you can create fully-formatted reference list as well as in-text citations, which will provide your audience with an accurate information needed to find the original source.
ASA 5th edition examples: A guide on how to cite ASA format
Do you need ASA 5th edition examples for better understanding of this style? We have gathered some for you!
- In-text citation:
“When Luckmann (1966) studied…” or “Citation text (Luckmann, 1966)…”
- Reference page:
Books: Author’s last name, author’s name. Year of publication. Book Title Italicized and in Title Caps. Publishing City: Publisher.
Journals: Author’s last name, author’s name. Year of publication. “Article title in Quotes and Title Caps”. Journal Title Italicized Volume Number: page numbers.
Newspaper of magazine: Author’s last name, author’s name. “Article title in Quotes and Title Caps,” Magazine/newspaper Title, Date of publication, pages.
You can create any ASA citation using the generator available at our website! Try and see how simple its is!
Cite4Me ASA in text citation generator
Cite4Me provides you with ASA in text citation generator because we are committed to helping students get better grades and improve their citing skills. This website has been created to support everyone who needs help in correct usage of this referencing style for essays, articles, research papers, or dissertations. We have created a clear and easy to use tool that help you create in-text citation as well as reference lists. In a word, this citation tool will ensure that you format your paper correctly and save your precious time.
We encourage you to use our automatic ASA citation tool for simple, smart, and quick referencing!
References Page Formatting
This resource covers American Sociological Association (ASA) style and includes information about manuscript formatting, in-text citations, formatting the references page, and accepted manuscript writing style. The bibliographical format described here is taken from the American Sociological Association (ASA) Style Guide, 5th edition.
Contributors:Joshua M. Paiz, Deborah L. Coe, Dana Lynn Driscoll
Last Edited: 2015-02-03 04:56:49
References Page Formatting
References follow the text in a section headed REFERENCES (use first-level head format identified earlier).
All references should be double-spaced and use a hanging indent.
Use title case for all titles (capitalize all words except prepositions such as of, between, through), articles (such as a, the, and an), and conjunctions (such as but, and, or; however, capitalize them if they begin the title or the subtitle).
Capitalize only the first word in hyphenated compound words, unless the second word is a proper noun or adjective (for example, don’t capitalize it in The Issue of Self-preservation for Women, but do capitalize it in Terrorist Rhetoric:The Anti-American Sentiment).
All references should be in alphabetical order by first authors’ last names.
Include first names for all authors, rather than initials, but use first-name and middle-name initials if an author used initials in the original publication.
List all authors. It is not acceptable to use et al. in the References section unless the work was authored by a committee.
For repeated authors or editors, include the full name in all references (note: this is a change from the third edition of the ASA Style Guide). Arrange references for the same author in chronological order, beginning with the oldest.
Baltzell, E. Digby. 1958. Philadelphia Gentlemen. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Baltzell, E. Digby. 1964. The Protestant Establishment. New York: Random House.
Baltzell, E. Digby. 1976. “The Protestant Establishment Revisited.” American Scholar 45:499-519.
When an author appears in both single-authored references and as the first author in a multiple-authored reference, place all of the single-authored references first, even though they may not be in the proper chronological order.
Hoge, Dean R. 1979. "A Test of Theories of Denominational Growth and Decline." Pp. 179-197 in Understanding Church Growth and Decline 1950-1978, edited by D. R. Hoge and D. A. Roozen. New York and Philadelphia: Pilgrim Press.
Hoge, Dean R., Benton Johnson, and Donald A. Luidens. 1994. Vanishing Boundaries: The Religion of Mainline Baby Boomers. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.
When the same first author appears in multiple references, arrange them alphabetically by the last name of the second author.
Alba, Richard, and Philip Kasinitz. 2006. “Sophisticated Television, Sophisticated Stereotypes.” Contexts 5(4):74-77.
Alba, Richard, John R. Logan, and Brian J. Stults. 2000. “The Changing Neighborhood Contexts of the Immigrant Metropolis.” Social Forces 79(2):587-621.
When including more than one work by the same author(s) from the same year, add letters to the year (2010a, 2010b, 2010c) and then list the references for that author and year alphabetically by title.
Fyfe, James J. 1982a. “Blind Justice: Police Shootings in Memphis.” The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 73(2):707-22.
Fyfe, James J. 1982b. “Race and Extreme Police-Citizen Violence.” Pp. 173-94 in Readings on Police Use of Deadly Force, edited by J. J. Fyfe. New York: Police Foundation.
Book with One Author
Author's full name, inverted so that last name appears first. Year. Book Title in Title Caps and Italicized. Publishing City: Publisher.
Note that the two-letter state abbreviation should be given only if needed to identify the city. For a publisher located in New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, or Boston, for example, it would not be necessary to include the state abbreviation.
Note that the word "volume" is capitalized and abbreviated but not italicized.
Gurr, Ted Robert, ed. 1989. Violence in America. Vol. 1, The History of Crime. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Mason, Karen. 1974. Women's Labor Force Participation. Research Triangle Park, NC: National Institutes of Health.
Book with Two or More Authors
Same as with one author, but do not invert authors’ names after the first author. Separate authors’ names with a comma, and include the word and before the final author.
Note that the word “edition” is abbreviated, and not italicized or capitalized.
Corbin, Juliet, and Anselm Strauss. 2008. Basics of Qualitative Research. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Edited Volume (when citing the entire volume)
Same as book reference but add "eds." to denote book editor'(s') name(s).
Hagan, John, and Ruth D. Peterson, eds. 1995. Crime and Inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Chapter in an Edited Volume
Put chapter title in quotes.
Use Pp. and page numbers to designate where the chapter is found in the volume.
Italicize the book title, then give the book editor’(s’) name(s).
Do not invert editor'(s)' name(s).
Use initials instead of first and middle names for editor(s).
Clausen, John. 1972. "The Life Course of Individuals." Pp. 457-514 in Aging and Society. Vol. 3, A Sociology of Stratification, edited by M.W. Riley, M. Johnson, and A. Foner. New York: Russell Sage.
Scholarly Journal Article
Author's full name, inverted so that last name appears first. Year. “Article Title in Title Caps and in Quotes.” Journal Title in Title Caps and Italicized Volume Number(Issue Number):page numbers of article.
Note that there is no space after the colon preceding page numbers.
For multiple authors, invert last name of first author only.
Separate with commas, unless there are only two authors.
Use and between last two authors.
Conger, Rand. 1997. "The Effects of Positive Feedback on Direction and Amount of Verbalization in a Social Setting." American Journal of Sociology 79:1179-259.
Coe, Deborah L., and James D. Davidson. 2011. “The Origins of Legacy Admissions: A Sociological Explanation.” Review of Religious Research 52(3):233-47.
Magazine or Newspaper Article
Ziff, Larzer. 1995. "The Other Lost Generation," Saturday Review, February 20, pp. 15-18.
Newspaper Article (author unknown)
Lafayette Journal & Courier. 1998. Newspaper editorial. December 12, p. A-6.
Because the nature of public documents is so varied, the form of entry for documentation cannot be standardized. The essential rule is to provide sufficient information so that the reader can locate the reference easily.
Reports, Constitutions, Laws, and Ordinances
New York State Department of Labor. 1997. Annual Labor Area Report: New York City, Fiscal Year 1996 (BLMI Report, No. 28). Albany: New York State Department of Labor.
Ohio Revised Code Annotated, Section 3566 (West 2000).
Telecommunications Act of 1996, Public Law 104-014, 110 U.S. Statutes at Large 56 (1996).
U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1990. Characteristics of Population. Vol. 1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 4.
Court cases and legislative acts follow a format stipulated by legal publishers.
The act or case is listed first, followed by volume number, abbreviated title, and the date of the work in which the act or case is found.
The volume number is given in Arabic numerals, and the date is parenthesized.
Court cases are italicized, but acts are not.
Case names, including v., are italicized.
Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).
If retrieved from an online database, such as LexisNexis or HeinOnline, provide access information.
Ohio v. Vincer (Ohio App. Lexis 4356 ).
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007. H.R. 2. 110th Congress, 1st Session, 2007. Retrieved July 11, 2010 (http://thomas.loc.gov).
Name of author. Year. Title of Presentation. Location where the article was presented or is available or has been accepted for publication but has not yet been published.
Conger, Rand D. Forthcoming. “The Effects of Positive Feedback on Direction and Amount of Verbalization in a Social Setting.” Sociological Perspectives.
Smith, Tom. 2003. “General Social Survey.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, August 16, Atlanta, GA.
Dissertation or Thesis
King, Andrew J. 1976. “Law and Land Use in Chicago: A Pre-history of Modern Zoning.” PhD dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Meany Archives, LRF, Box 6, March 18, 1970. File 20. Memo, conference with Gloster Current, Director of Organization, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
The fifth edition of the ASA Style Guide includes an expanded fifth chapter detailing how to reference electronic sources. This section of the resource will provide examples of some of the more common electronic sources form.
Conard-Salvo, Tammy, Caitlan Spronk, and Joshua M. Paiz. 2014. "Soaring into the Future: The Purdue OWL and Supporting the Next Generation of Writers." Presented at the 2014 ECWCA Conference, March 28, Miami, Ohio. Retrieved November 21, 2014 (http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1003&context=writinglabpres).
Social Media Sources
References to social media sources should not appear in the references page. Rather, it should be footnoted in the body text where referenced. this footnote should include the page's title and URL.
Purdue University. 2012. "Purdue University's Foundations of Excellence Final Report: A Roadmap for Excellent Beginnings." Retrieved Nov. 21, 2014(http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/provost_pubs/1/).
Print Edition of a Book Accessed through an Online Library
Daniels, John. 2010. Apathetic College Students in America. Middletown, IL: University of Middletown Press. Retrieved April 6, 2011(http://site.ebrary.com/lib/collegestudies/docDetail.action?docID=1010101010).
e-Journal Articles with DOI
Phillips, Reginald. M., and S. H. Bonsteel 2010. "The Faculty and Information Specialist Partnership Stimulating Student Interest and Experiential Learning." NurseEducator, 35(3), 136-138. doi: 10.1097/NNE.0b013e3181d95090.