Education is an important factor to a new and improved Egypt. But unfortunately the education we have here in Egypt leads to high literacy rate. This was proven through out the research. Also that high literacy rate is due to the deterioration of the educational system and governmental schools.
The research was based on a questionnaire made and distributed among students and parents randomly. The questionnaire was divided in to 5 questions. First knowing their career either students or parents, second was either preferring public or private schools, for third question the number of students in the class now and what do they prefer the most, forth was ways for improving, and last question is either the literacy rate is effected from the way of education we have and why. The Research had 62 samples, they were all either students or parents, they were random samples, and all students where school students.
The results obtained from the questionnaire showed 61% were students and 37% were parents. As for the second question there was a huge gap, there was 95% who choose private and only 5% choose public and reasons were defined. For the third question there was completely different results, concerning question (3 a) there was 27.42% answered 15 to 20 students, 38.71% claimed being in classes of 25 to 30 students, 29% answered 35 to 40 students and only 4.84% answered 40+. However question (3 b) had most of the samples answering similarly, having only 2 answers 71.3% wanted 15 to 20 students in class and 28.7% accepted 25 to 30 students as for the rest 0%. For the forth question the participants had different opinions in answering it as it is an open-ended question. Last question had 77.4% answered yes, 14.5% for No and 8.1% had neutral as their answer, for the rest of the question was also open-ended.
Concerning question two why they choose either public or private, for people who choose private schools was because they have better education, teachers are well qualified, more taking care of students, the schools are neater hygienic wise, having the same social standard colleagues, the private schools having better working environments, also for not just concerning on academic levels but also behaviors and manners. However for the few others who answered public was because it is cheaper, near the house and because the parent work there so it is easier. Going back to the literature review, yes searches did get out that most people or parents send their children private schools as for all the reason stated by the participants.
Regarding the forth question there was so many suggestions, some of them are that changing the curriculum, teachers having higher salaries so they have motivation on working better, changing the way of teaching, making public and private schools going on the same curriculum, reduce the number of students in classes so that students and teachers could concentrate, non academic courses so that students loves the school and know its important, having a better working environment for students in classes, adding some critical thinking so students do not get out of school having the technique of memorizing only, improving the hygienic state of the classrooms and WC. Referring to what (Moussa) said in the literature review was same as some of the participants’ results about having overcrowded classes and the concentration in class.
Also as the educational institute claimed about paying more attention to the curriculum and to continuously work on improving it was also one of the participants answers which shows that there is similarities between what the searches said and the questionnaires answers. Although based on (Helmy) “the country’s curriculum and assessment systems emphasize the memorization of facts, which works against innovative thinking and knowledge creation” is common to one of the answers about the critical thinking and not memorizing
Finally question five people who answered with a yes was because they think government should provide in public school the same curriculum and importance of the subjects so students would want to go, also they do not give a concentration for those people who are in areas which there are no schools so they do not even care for learning, so these are some of the reasons that leads to high literacy rate however who had a no answer was because they think that it is because people does not want to learn not because we have a bad education but because they think working will get them money faster than studying first then working, and neutral did though education some times is a main problem for literacy because it is not as good as it should be but sometimes it is not the barrier because if a person wants to learn they will find their way to learn.
In conclusion hypothesis was supported, as for most of the participants had the same answers as where out in the literature review as showing education is responsible in increasing or decreasing high literacy rate, also the quality of education in Egypt should be changed as for it is found out by margin that most of the people think the same about education in Egypt. Education is a very important aspect in everyone’s lives. It’s the education that makes us knowledgeable, respectable, civilized people so we have to take a very good care of it.
| Published in Education in the World| Written by Patricia May
Education in Egypt: A Brief Review and Interesting Facts
The entire education system of Egypt is very interesting and unique. There were three cultural and educational heritages that formed Egyptian education: Islamic Egyptian, secular Egyptian, and British factors. Thanks to British protectorate Egypt has a very interesting and well-controlled system nowadays.
However, some time ago education here was the privilege of the elite of the country. For others, there were not many ways to choose of. Poor natives could take religious or expensive private education only.
The interesting fact is that Muhammad Ali is known as the main protector of modern education in Egypt. He introduced the western type of educational philosophy to the whole country. Since the monarchy ended the science in Egypt become stronger and developed. It is due to a bloodless revolution. The Islamic education evolved and mixed with the western type and educational points. However, the whole educational system in Egypt is divided into two parts.
The Islamic educational tradition and modern public education are existing together creating very unusual tandem in the Egyptian culture and educational life. The primary role of forming the whole educational tradition and culture in Egypt played the famous Al-Azhar University. It still plays the central role in shaping the educational, cultural, and religious canons and forms in modern Egypt.
There are three main points in Islamic system of education. They are religious schools called madrasas, mystical orders called Sufi, and mosque schools called kuttabs. It is hard to imagine, but all these types of schools exist in one country and one educational system.
Moreover, Egyptian educational system does not afraid of implementing innovations improving some traditional ways of Quran learning. The whole process of learning is based on every aspect of pupil’s life including trivial, social, and spiritual points and factors. Egyptian teachers are very popular in the rest of the Arab world. They are teaching in schools and universities in other countries.
There are three main stages of education in Egypt. The first one is for the basic level of 4 to 14 years old kids. There is also a kindergarten stage (2 years for each kid). There are also a preparatory school and primary school in Egypt (3 and 6 years).
The secondary school in Egypt is for kids of 15 and up to 17 years old and lasts for 3 years. The whole educational system is made of 9 years of academic education for ages of six to fourteen. Any government run schools have free levels of schools. (Read here: Top 5 Best Fashion Schools In The US)
Egyptian education is a perfect framework for the Arab culture. It reflects social and economic changes in the country. It is always struggling between traditions and innovations.
There is some really massive foreign influence on Egyptian education nowadays. Fulbright and UNESCO are given lots of support to the entire educational tradition in the country. These two organizations are training teachers abroad. The World Bank also supports the educational reform in Egypt. It is a part of loan programs in Egypt.
Moreover, Egyptian scientists and students are using some equipment, expertise, and facilities from different countries like USA, Japan, Germany, France, and Italy. UNICEF tries to develop some new educational programs and materials for Egypt schools as well. Egyptian teachers are visiting the USA and Great Britain island to master their teaching skills.
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